Making a Stained Glass Window
Stained glass is a unique art form that is illuminated by transmitted light and the methods used to create a window have changed very little over the centuries .
First a design is drawn to scale and from this a full scale drawing, known as a cartoon, is made. This is used to create a template so that pieces of coloured sheet glass can be cut to size. Details such as facial features, shading or decorative patterns can be painted onto the glass using a glass paint that contains ground glass. This is fired in a kiln to 650 degrees centigrade, with some pieces requiring multiple firings. The pieces of glass are then assembled with pieces of lead came that are soldered together before being cemented with a linseed oil cement and then polished.